Search for the Halabja dialect is supported by a letter
c) Brand new eastern Jewish languages display numerous provides: biggest worry (1), transform of [Theta] to 1 (4), reinterpretation out of verb group while the contour (5), and you can reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). Speaking of areal features hence duration the fundamental split between Halabja to your one-hand and you can Koy Sanjaq and you will Azerbaijan on the almost every other. This is not obvious where dialect each develop, however they are likely borrowed from one into the someone else rather than handed down in common.
This type of three meetmindful nedir major groups away from isoglosses represent only a tiny area of your proof which will be delivered to sustain to your taxonomy of one’s NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), using research regarding pronouns, demonstrates the clear presence of a north Iraqi dialect category (right here depicted by Zakho, Tisqopa, and Aradhin) hence cannot be thought of using the restricted data demonstrated right here. All it takes now is each other fuller definitions of dialects already recorded, with the intention that more common and you may identifying properties can be obtained, while having field-work in order to record the many dialects that are for the verge regarding extinction.
1 Thanks are caused by people that provided investigation and you may suggestions, such as for instance Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and Jo Rubba. Age.H. summer stipend.
Such, f and you may grams was in fact chosen during the terms such as for example etrog ‘citron’ and you can sefer ‘scroll of your own law’, where regarding the handed down Aramaic vocabulary f will have be p and you will grams would have disappeared
step three Garbell (1964, 100-103) says the speakers out of Jewish Azerbaiaic away from Kurdish. This lady first facts for it ‘s the pronunciation off Hebrew financing-terms and conditions within this dialect. Hebrew loanwords inside the Jewish Azerbaijani keep particular audio which have been erased otherwise combined with people regarding the popular Neo-Aramaic vocabulary. Garbell states why these retentions prove that these Hebrew terminology was basically borrowed to start with inside the Kurdish, hence a small grouping of Kurdish audio system afterwards shifted to Neo-Aramaic. It seems apt to be that the Hebrew facets about dialect failed to take part in the sound changes in concern on account of the new special religious register that it belong. They could need changed then become recovered with the base of your antique enunciation from neighboring groups.
cuatro An increasing + indicates that the second term is noticable towards the suprasegmental element ’emphasis’ that is located to some extent in most NENA languages. Phonetically, focus is advanced, however, the first part is actually velarization, and is also tend to as a result of the clear presence of the fresh emphatic consonants t and you may s.
7 Regarding the dialect out of Tyari [Theta] tend to becomes s. This dialect, that has been spoken before 1915 in a district out of Hakkari, is not talked about here as information inside are not enough.
8 This isn’t obvious whether this type can be found from inside the the newest Halabja dialect. My informants from there understood it, however, said it actually was even more feature of one’s surrounding town of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it is not familiar on dialect of the Jews away from Sanandaj.
nine Robert Hoberman implies in my experience that the NENA versions may have originated a keen unattested metathesized elizabeth[Theta]strip ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. In the Bono Homini Donum: Essays during the Historic Linguistics in Thoughts off J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you may Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Training on Concept and you may Reputation for Linguistic Research, series IV. Most recent Situations in the Linguistic Idea 16. Region II, 613-forty-two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
An inquiry into the Formation of Middle Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Terms and conditions and you can Syllables into the Jewish Eastern The Aramaic from Persian Azerbaijan together with Continguous Districts (A dilemma of Multilingualism). From inside the Studies inside Egyptology and you can Linguistics in honor of H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Area.